Jonathan Knutson / Agweek Staff Writer
The federal Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, passed in December 2017, will reduce tax rates for farmers and farm households. A new study provides a better idea of how much they might drop. The study by the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Economic Research Service estimated what the legislation would have meant using 2016 tax-year data.
Years ago, when I was just getting started in journalism, my 11-year-old car became unreliable and so I needed a "new" one. I ended up buying a five-year-old car; I'd diligently saved about two-thirds of the purchase price and borrowed the rest at 15 percent. Yes, 15 percent. It was the '80s. Inflation was rampant and interest rates were high. That's just the way things were for everyone.
LAKOTA, N.D.—Like many other Upper Midwest farmers, Matt Nelson got off to a slow start planting this spring because of uncooperative weather. But he got his crops into the ground, albeit later than ideal. Now, "I'm a little surprised by how they look. They're more advanced than I would've thought" given late planting, Nelson said. Overall, his crops—spring wheat, barley, corn, canola and black beans—look good, though more rain will be needed.
GRAND FORKS. N.D.—David Burkland walks through a field of knee-high corn on a late-June morning and studies it with experienced eyes. Its condition isn't ideal, but he's mostly satisfied—especially since the field was covered with grass in the Conservation Reserve Program a year ago. "This isn't going to be any kind of bumper crop," the veteran Grand Forks, N.D., farmer said. "But putting it back (into crop production) just made sense."
ELIZABETH, Minn. — Two important things will be changing in David Holt's life. But two even more important things will not: He continues to farm near Elizabeth, west of Fergus Falls. And he continues to fight the good fight, and successfully so, against Parkinson's disease.
There are only a few things that everyone in modern agriculture agrees on. We all dislike food waste. We all stress farm safety. We all value timely rains. And we all agree that it's extremely difficult to get started in farming or ranching without an "in" — an established farmer or farm couple who provides access to land. Usually, the connection is a relative, most often a parent or grandparent, aunt or uncle. Occasionally the tie is a farm couple nearing retirement without children of their own or whose children aren't interested in farming.
Bryon Parman was a Nebraska farm kid who had seen the ocean only once when he joined the U.S. Navy. Now, after spending six years as a Navy search-and-rescue swimmer, earning his doctorate in agricultural economics at Kansas State University and serving as an ag economist at Mississippi State University, he's returning to the Midwest to work with farmers, ranchers, and other agriculturalists. Parman is the new farm management specialist with North Dakota State University Extension, a position once held by Dwight Aakre, who retired in 2016 after 32 years in the post.
Federally subsidized crop insurance is controversial. Now, with the U.S. Senate taking up the 2018 farm bill, a crop insurance trade group has launched a website that seeks to provide senators and others with state-specific information on crop insurance. The interactive map at cropinsuranceinmystate.org offers information such as the number of crop insurance policies, acres insured, value of insurance protection, how much farmers paid for coverage, how much insurers paid to cover losses and hail protection coverage.
A new report reinforces what many agriculturalists already know: Public-sector spending on agriculture research in the U.S. and many other high-income countries continues to decline, challenging farmers' ability to produce enough food to meet growing demand. Public ag research and spending development peaked in 2009 and, adjusted for inflation, fell by an average of 1.5 percent annually from 2009 to 2013, according to the report from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Economic Service.
I grow up on a North Dakota farm with beef cattle and small grains. No chickens, though, which was fine with me. Chickens are noisy and messy, and I wanted nothing to do with them. Still don't, never will. But a growing number of Americans think otherwise. Although firm statistics are tough to come by, there's an explosion of interest in "backyard" or "home-raised" chickens across our country. One small measure of that: I regularly receive emails from public relations folks promoting a new book on the subject.